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Outcomes of Antiretroviral Therapy Over a 10-Year Period of Expansion: A Multicohort Analysis of African and Asian HIV Programs

  • 2014/10/01
Type de publication
  • Articles
Auteurs
  • Grimsrud A
  • Balkan S
  • Casas EC
  • Lujan J
  • Van Cutsem G
  • Poulet E
  • Myer L
  • Pujades-Rodriguez M. Author information
Thèmes
  • VIH
OBJECTIVE
Little is known about the evolution of program outcomes associated with rapid expansion of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in resource-limited settings. We describe temporal trends and assess associations with mortality and loss to follow-up (LTFU) in HIV cohorts from 8 countries.
 
DESIGN
Multicohort study using electronic health records.
 
METHODS
Analysis included adults in 25 Médecins Sans Frontières-supported programs initiating ART between 2001 and 2011. Kaplan-Meier methods were used to describe time to death or LTFU and proportional hazards models to assess associations with individual and program factors.
 
RESULTS
ART programs (n = 132,334, median age 35 years, 61% female) expanded rapidly. Whereas 36-month mortality decreased from 22% to 9% over 5 years (≤2003-2008), LTFU increased from 11% to 21%. Hazard ratios (HR) of early (0-12 months) and late (12-72 months) LTFU increased over time, from 1.09 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.83 to 1.43] and 1.04 (95% CI: 0.84 to 1.28) in 2004 to 3.29 (95% CI: 2.42 to 4.46) and 6.86 (95% CI: 4.94 to 9.53) in 2011, compared with 2001-2003. Rate of program expansion was strongly associated with increased early and late LTFU, adjusted HR (aHR) = 2.31 (95% CI: 1.78 to 3.01) and HR = 2.29 (95% CI: 1.76 to 2.99), respectively, for ≥125 vs. 0-24 patients per month. Larger program size was associated with decreased early mortality (aHR = 0.49, 95% CI: 0.31 to 0.77 for ≥20,000 vs. <500 patients) and increased early LTFU (aHR = 1.77, 95% CI: 1.04 to 3.04 for ≥20,000 vs. <500 patients).