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The short musculoskeletal functional assessment (SMFA) score amongst surgical patients with reconstructive lower limb injuries in war wounded civilians

  • 2014/10/24
Type of publication
  • Articles
  • Carrie Teicher
  • Nancy L. Foote
  • Ali M.K. Al Ani
  • Majd S. Alras
  • Sufyan I. Alqassab
  • Emmanuel Baron
  • Khalid Ahmed
  • Patrick Herard
  • Rasheed M. Fakhri
  • Surgery
The MSF program in Jordan provides specialized reconstructive surgical care to war-wounded civilians in the region. The short musculoskeletal functional assessment score (SMFA) provides a method for quantitatively assessing functional status following orthopedic trauma. In June 2010 the Amman team established SMFA as the standard for measuring patients’ functional status. The objective of this retrospective study is to evaluate whether the SMFA scores can be useful for patients with chronic war injuries.
All patients with lower limb injuries requiring reconstruction were enrolled in the study. Each patient's SMFA was assessed at admission, at discharge from Amman and during follow-up in home country. In the analysis we compared patients with infected versus non-infected injuries as well as with both high and low admissions dysfunctional index (ADI).
Among infected patients, higher ADI correlated with more surgeries and longer hospital stay. Infected patients with ADI > 50 required an average of 2.7 surgeries while those with ADI < 50, averaged 1.7 operations (p = 0.0809). Non-infected patients with ADI > 50 required an average of 1.6 operations compared to 1.5 for those with ADI <50 (p= 0.4168).
The ADI score in our sample appeared to be useful in two areas: 1) hospital course in patients with infection, where a high ADI score correlated with longer hospital stays and more surgeries, and 2) prognosis, which was better for non-infected patients who had high ADI scores. A scoring system that predicts functional outcome following surgical reconstruction of lower limb injuries would be enormously useful.